Psychology is always misunderstood as the study of mind as it was the earliest definition for psychology .When we go through this definition of psychology we all often have a doubt that what is mind and where is it situated ? The mind is defined as the sum of the cognitive abilities that enable consciousness, perception, memory, thinking, imagination and judgment. It may also be defined as the conscious and unconscious mental activity of a person.
The mind, is invisible. But also somehow is inherently tied to our existence.
And now when the handle of the time goes around science have redefined psychology as the scientific study of human behavior and mental process .Here “behavior” means the way in which one acts or conducts oneself and this ” behavior” in psychology is mainly divided into two-Overt behavior and Covert behavior . Overt behavior can be defined as observable behavior or responses depicted in the forms of actions. Example: Sleeping , walking etc. Covert behavior can be defined as unobservable behavior which leads to certain actions. Examples of these covert behaviors are; perceiving, remembering, reasoning, thinking, creating and dreaming among many more. This also can be termed as Mental process.
The Greek word psychology evolved as
PSYCHE + LOGOS = PSYCHOLOGY
Here “psyche” means ‘Soul’ and “logos” means ‘Study’. Psychologists study people by using scientific method. The goals of this scientific method include:
Some words to Ponder:
- PSYCHOLOGIST : Psychologists have completed a bachelor’s degree and then continued in graduate training in psychology (the study of human development, learning, and behavior), and may have specialized in the assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of mental illness, emotional disorders, and behavioral problems.
- PSYCHIATRIST : Psychiatrists have a degree in medicine like your family physician, followed by specialized training in the diagnosis and treatment of mental illness, emotional disorders, and behavioral problems.
- COUNSELOR : Counselors may have a range of backgrounds, and may have master’s or doctoral level degrees from counseling programs. However, individuals may otherwise refer to themselves as a “therapist” or “counselor”, but may or may not have training in the assessment or treatment of mental health issues.
- CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGIST : A clinical psychologist is a mental health professional with highly specialized training in the diagnosis and psychological treatment of mental, behavioral and emotional illnesses, including obsessive-compulsive disorder(OCD).
Fields of Psychology
Educational and School Psychology