Basic Psychology, Psychopathology

Mental Disorders- Introduction

The term  mental disorder is sometimes used to refer to what are more frequently known as psychological disorders or psychiatric disorders. Mental disorders are patterns of behavioral or psychological symptoms that impact multiple areas of life. These disorders create distress for the person experiencing these symptoms. Mental disorder can also be defined as a behavioral or mental pattern that causes significant distress or impairment of personal functioning. Such features may be persistent, relapsing and remitting, or occur as a single episode.

Mental Disorder – You are still you and it does not change who you are !

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The causes of mental disorders are often unclear. Theories may incorporate findings from a range of fields. Mental disorders are usually defined by a combination of how a person behaves, feels, perceives, or thinks.This may be associated with particular regions or functions of the brain, often in a social context. A mental disorder is one aspect of mental health. Cultural and religious beliefs, as well as social norms, should be taken into account when making a diagnosis.

Mental Disorders will eventually proceed into a state that interferes with day to day life, ultimately regressing the quality of life. However, there are various types of mental illnesses, identified among the general population, and the most common ones include Psychosis and Neurosis (based on the touch with reality). Psychosis and Neurosis completely differ from each other in the aspects of pathology, symptoms, treatments and prognosis. However, the two terms, Psychosis and Neurosis, are often used interchangeably even by professionals due to many common features they share, but it is important to identify how they differ from each other, in order to make an accurate diagnosis. The main difference between psychosis and neurosis is that Neurosis is a mild mental disorder in contrast to Psychosis.

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