Abraham Maslow was an American psychologist perhaps best known as one of the founders of humanistic psychology and for his famous hierarchy of needs. Maslow felt that Freud’s psychoanalytic theory and Skinner’s behavioral theory were too focused on the negative or pathological aspects of existence and neglected all of the potential and creativity that human beings possess.
Maslow’s hierarchy of needs suggested that people have a number of needs, and as these needs are met they are able to go on to pursue other needs. The needs at the base of his hierarchy are more basic in nature, gradually moving up into more social, emotional and self-actualizing needs as one moves up the hierarchy.
Maslow’s life in a nutshell
1908 – Born
Abraham Maslow was born and raised in Brooklyn, New York. He was the eldest of seven children. His parents were uneducated Jewish immigrants from Russia. He was slow and tidy, and remembered his childhood as lonely and rather unhappy, because, as he said, “I was the little Jewish boy in the non-Jewish neighborhood.. I grew up in libraries and among books, without friends.”
( 1927 – 1928 )Attends Cornell University
( 1930 – 1951 )Professor Maslow
( 1950 – 1960 )Leader of Humanistic School of Psychology
His studies of human behavior and ideas from other psychologists led to extensive writing and research.Maslow’s contributions led to recognition as a humanistic psychologist, and some new theories to go with it.
1970 – Died
Abraham Maslow died in June of 1970, of a heart attack.