Jean Piaget was a Swiss psychologist and genetic epistemologist. He is most famously known for his theory of cognitive development that looked at how children develop intellectually throughout the course of childhood. Prior to Piaget’s theory, children were often thought of simply as mini-adults. Instead, Piaget suggested that the way children think is fundamentally different from the way that adults think.
His theory had a tremendous influence on emergence of developmental psychology as a distinctive subfield within psychology and contributed greatly to the field of education. He is also credited as a pioneer of the constructivist theory, which suggests that people actively construct their knowledge of the world based on the interactions between their ideas and their experiences.
Piaget was ranked as the second most influential psychologist of the twentieth-century in one 2002 survey.
Piaget’s Life in a Nutshell
- Jean Piaget was born to Arthur Piaget and Rebecca Jackson in Switzerland.
- 1925 : psychology, sociology and history of science at Neuchâtel from 1925 to 1929.
- 1927 : Piaget’s second child is born.
- 1929 : The International Bureau of Education from 1929 to 1967.
- 1929 : Chairman of history of scientific thinking at Geneva from 1929 to 1939.
- 1938 : Chairman of Psychology and Sociology at Lausanne from 1938 to 1951.
- 1939 : Chairman of Sociology at Geneva from 1939 to 1952.
- 1940 : Chairman of Genetic and Experimental Psychology from 1940 to 1971.